Myrtus communis or True or Greek Myrtle is an evergreen shrub or small tree with dense foliage. The 2-inch lanceolate leaves are strongly scented when crushed. Myrtles have been cultivated for centuries and their native habitat is unknown. They are hardy to 28 degrees F. In cooler regions they make an excellent patio or house plant. They can also be trained as a bonsai!Blooming Time: Summer. The ¾ inch white flowers are sweetly scented.
Culture: Myrtus communis do best in light shade to full sun. We use a soil mix consisting of 1 part peat moss to 2 parts loam to 1 part course sand or perlite. The plant is highly drought tolerant. The soil should be allowed to dry in-between waterings. Tip chlorosis is a problem if the soil does not drain well. Fertilize monthly during the growing season. Trim in early spring to keep a desired form.
Propagation: Myrtus communis are propagated by cuttings of partially ripened wood with a bottom temperature of 70 degrees and by seed.
Herb: Around the Mediterranean, mostly the fresh or dried leaves are used; the dried berry fruits are also aromatic and have been used as a substitute for black pepper
Publisher: Hirts Gardens
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